Press Release - 11 June 2013
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THE INAUGURAL MILITARY SALE
A Fresh Format For Medals and Militaria
5 June 2013 saw the UK’s newest ‘top 5’ auctioneer hold their inaugural Military Sale of Medals, Orders, Decorations and Militaria. Presenting a fresh format for militaria auctions, Baldwin’s and Dreweatts & Bloomsbury Auctions were delighted to be holding their first jointly branded auction having both been acquired by Noble Investments (UK) PLC in 2005 and 2012 respectively. The sale comprised 217 lots and totalled £158,720 (inclusive of Buyer’s Premium at 24% + VAT.)
The sale opened with a strong section of 149 lots of Orders, Decorations and Medals with bidding throughout, both online and in the room. The highlight of the auction, lot 6, a superb and extremely rare WWII Pathfinder’s CGM and DFM Group of 5 awarded to Warrant Officer Solomon Joseph Harold Andrew, attracted a great deal of interest prior to the sale and was eventually purchased online by a bidder from Europe for £17,360 (inclusive of Buyer’s Premium.) Elsewhere in the medal section, lot 26, a very scarce Waterloo ‘Long Service & Good Conduct’ Pair awarded to Corporal John Taylor, 1st Battalion, 71st (Highland Light Infantry) Foot, received plenty of interest and sold in the room to a buyer at £6,820 (inclusive of Buyer’s Premium.)
Two lots (160 and 161) relating to the famous Sir George Prévost, who had a glittering military career throughout the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, sold well over estimate in the sale. In 1779 (at the age of eleven) Prévost was commissioned as an ensign in the 60th Regiment of Foot, in which his father was a senior officer; by the age of twenty three he had made it to the rank of Major. Prévosts moneyed background was certainly said to have contributed to his swift rise up the ranks as promotion could be obtained “by purchase.” By age 30 he had been quite severely wounded while stationed in St. Vincent but had still managed to climb to the rank of brigadier-general and, later in the same year, he was appointed lieutenant governor of St. Lucia, where his fluency in French and conciliatory administration won him the respect of the French planters living there. In 1802 he returned to the UK, as his health was failing and, soon after fighting with France resumed, he was chosen to be the new governor of Dominica. He fought against the French in 1803 when they attempted to seize Dominica, and again when they attempted to seize St. Lucia. On January 1 1805, at the age of 37, he was promoted to the rank of major-general and was granted leave to return to England, where he became a commander of the Portsmouth district and, later, a colonel commandant of his regiment.
Lot 160, a Georgian Officer’s Sabre by Hawkes Mosely & Co. of Piccadilly, London belonged to Prévost and was sold for £4,000 (inclusive of buyer’s premium), against an estimate of £2,000 – 3,000. The second, a portrait of the man himself, pictured above, sold for £3,700 (inclusive of buyer’s premium), against an estimate of £1,000 – 1,500.
Baldwin’s Military Medal specialist, David Kirk, commented after the auction:
"We are very happy with the results from our inaugural ‘Military Sale’, which we hope will mark the first of many joint ventures with Dreweatts & Bloomsbury Auctions. We have taken the strategic decision to continue holding these auctions in London and make them a regular feature of our auction calendar and, to this end, we are very much looking forward to building on this initial success."
6 A Superb and Extremely Rare WWII Pathfinder’s CGM & DFM Group of 5 awarded to Warrant Officer Solomon Joseph Harold Andrew, No.35 Squadron, No.8 (Pathfinder Force) Group, Royal Air ForceVolunteer Reserve; a veteran of a staggering 89 operational sorties and 315 hours of operational flying over France and Germany between November 1943 and April 1945, he was awarded the CGM and DFM for his role as an Air Gunner ‘of outstanding ability’ and considered to have skill ‘second to none’ in the Halifax and Lancaster bombers of No.8 Group - one of only 11 such gallantry combinations awarded, comprising: Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (Flying), GVIR (1715306 F/Sgt. S. J. H. Andrew. R.A.F.), Distinguished Flying Medal, GVIR. (1715306. F/Sgt. S. J. H. Andrew. R.A.F.), 1939-1945 Star, Air Crew Europe Star with copy ‘France and Germany’ clasp, War Medal 1939-45; the first two officially engraved, the remainder unnamed as issued, group court-mounted on board by Spink & Son Ltd, with reverse pin for wear. Group lightly toned with a few light hairlines and tiny contact marks in places, otherwise good extremely fine, and an extremely rare and desirable combination of awards. (5)
ex Spink, 11th of May, 2001, lot 777 (cover group), sold for £8,050 hammer
CGM London Gazette 26.10.1945
DFM London Gazette 8.12.1944
Warrant Officer Solomon Joseph Harold Andrew was born in early 1924, in Lanner, near Redruth, Cornwall. Having previously worked as an agricultural labourer, he enlisted into the RAFVR in June 1942 at the age of 18. His remarkable operational career began in late 1943, being drafted into the elite Pathfinder Force of No.8 Group, No.35 Squadron, RAF - based at Gravely near Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire. Initially equipped with Halifax Bombers (the squadron converted to Lancasters in March, 1944) the Pathfinder Force was comprised of picked, specialist crews of high skill and navigational ability, intended to precede the large-scale RAF bombing assaults by laying down target indicators to assist the following Bomber formations in finding their targets, all the while enduring the gruelling anti-aircraft ‘flak’ fire, harassment by enemy fighter aircraft and the general navigational difficulties of night-time raids. Flight Sergeant Andrew made his first sortie on the night of the 22nd of November, 1943, and was very much ‘thrown in at the deep end’, taking part in a bombing raid on Berlin itself. From this point onwards he was almost continuously involved in bombardment of strategic targets over France and Germany. After less than a year, in September 1944, he was recommended for the Distinguished Flying Medal, having already completed an impressive 54 sorties and 221 operation hours as Air Gunner, his recommendation for the DFM states: ‘Flight Sergeant Andrew is a most efficient and capable Air Gunner who has shown the greatest determination when flying on operations. Many of the 54 bombing attacks against the enemy in which he has taken part have been against targets strongly defended by night fighters and Anti-Aircraft guns. It is considered that the high standard of efficiency attained by this N.C.O., together with his record of many operations successfully completed, fully merits the non-immediate award of the Distinguished Flying Medal’. Continuing in his role as Air Gunner, he continued to take part in further important bombing raids, and was regularly used as part of the crew of the Master Bomber aircraft - the lead bomber aircraft which used high-frequency radio to co-ordinate all other bombers towards an accurate target. In total, he would go on to complete a remarkable 89 sorties and some 315 hours of operational flying against numerous German and French targets. Completing 3 operational tours, he took part in raids on Frankfurt (thrice), Stuttgart (four times), Essen (four times), Bremen (twice), Duisburg (twice), Dortmund (thrice), Kiel (twice) and Dresden (once) - this the night of 13th and 14th of February 1945, when the resultant ‘Firestorm’ devastated an area of 1600 acres and killed tens of thousands. Andrew appears to have flown his last operational sortie on 24th of April 1945, against Neubrandenburg, and also appears to have assisted in the repatriation of POWs from Juvincourt on the 26th of May 1945. Warrant Officer Andrew’s recommendation for the CGM in May 1945 states: Since being awarded the Distinguished Flying Medal, Flight Sergeant Andrew has completed a further 35 bombing attacks against enemy targets as an Air Gunner in heavy bombers, with Path Finder Force. Many of his sorties have been carried out in the Master Bomber aircraft. He has always shown an extremely strong spirit of offence, plus skill at his job second to none. Flight Sergeant Andrew has earned for himself an excellent reputation as a Gunner in the Squadron and by his devotion to duty, has set an extremely fine example to all Aircrew. This N.C.O’s fine record of service is considered worthy of the non-immediate award of a Bar to the Conspicuous Gallantry Medal (sic - this in error)’. By the end of WWII some 109 CGMs had been awarded to operational aircrew, of which 89 were issued to Bomber Command, with 59 awarded to aircrew aboard Lancaster Bombers. However, only 11 recipients were awarded the CGM and DFM in combination. This rare group sold with copy sortie summary, copy recommendations for awards and London Gazette mentions, original Central Chancery Investiture letter (dated 23.11.1945),3 excellent original photographs, including photos of the recipient receiving of his awards at Buckingham Palace, and a photograph of the recipient and his crew with Lancaster bomber behind, and large photocopy ‘Operation Record Book’ for 35 Squadron P.F.F. from February 1944 to May 1945 giving detailed assessments of the aforementioned bombing raids, and printed copy extract from ‘The Western Morning News’ October 27th, 1945, mentioning the award of his CGM, and providing newly discovered information regarding his place of birth and date of enlistment. Genealogical records suggest he took a wife of the surname Holman, being married in Lewisham in late 1967
26 A Scarce Waterloo ‘Long Service & Good Conduct’ Pair awarded to Corporal John Taylor, 1st Battalion, 71st (Highland Light Infantry) Foot, comprising: Waterloo Medal, 1815, with replacement steel clip and ring suspension (Corp. John Taylor 1st Batt. 71st Reg. Foot.), 71st Foot Regimental Medal, in silver, 48mm, with silver suspension and ribbon bar, obverse engraved ‘For Courage, Loyalty & Good Conduct’ with crowned ‘71’ at centre, and ’10 Years Service’ below, reverse with combined emblems at centre, engraved ‘Tria Juncta In Uno’ above, without hallmarks, with old section of tartan ribbon [cf. Balmer R446a]; the first officially impressed, the latter unnamed as issued, pair loose. Toned, the first with minor obverse edge bruise at 3 o’clock, light surface marks and tiny scratches to both, otherwise nearly good very fine, and a scarce pair. (2).
ex Needes Collection, 1908.
Corporal John Taylor fought at the Battle of Waterloo in Captain James Henderson’s Company, 71st Foot, the regiment placed in the 3rd (Light) Brigade of Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton’s 2nd Division. The 71st Foot, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Reynell, were initially held in a reserve position on the right flank to the rear of Hougoumont (given their recent arrival after 2-day’s march) but were later brought forward into line to support the British regiments between Hougoumont and La Haye Sainte. As recorded in the anonymous ‘The Journal of a Highland Soldier, of the 71st or Glasgow Regiment, Highland L.I.’’: “The artillery had been tearing away, since day-break, in different parts of the line. About twelve o’clock we received orders to fall in, for attack…General Barnes gave the word, ‘Form Square’. In a moment the whole brigade were on their feet to receive the enemy. The General said ‘ Seventy-first, I have often heard of your bravery, I hope it will not be worse, than it has been, to-day.’ Down they came upon our square. We soon put them to right…The noise and smoke were dreadful…all around the wounded and slain lay very thick. We then moved on, in column, for a considerable way, and formed line; gave three cheers, fired a few volleys, charged the enemy, and drove them back.” Napoleon subjected this area to heavy artillery fire and repeated cavalry attacks led by Marshall Ney, but the line held. The 71st played their part in the repulse of the Imperial Guard, and reputedly fired the last shot of battle with an artillery piece they had just captured, turning it to fire onto the fleeing French forces. In total, the 1st/71st suffered the loss of 16 officers and 171 men killed and wounded at Waterloo. Sold with copy original roll mention (possibly showing name as Tyler), contemporary accounts and extracts, and other research.
795 † Gold Proof Set of the Currency Coins, Rupee, ½-Rupee and ¼-Rupee, 1835C (SW 1.44, 1.56, 1.67). First in NGC holder, graded PF61, the other two in NGC holders, graded PF63. (3)
It is believed that this set was known about as far back as the 19th century, although probably later in the century due to the die rust on the Rupee. Records indicate that Spink sold one of these sets in the early 1980s, but we are unsure if this is the same set.
7160 Sir George Prévost 1st Baronet (19 May 1767 -5 January 1816) - A Fine Georgian Officer’s Sabre by Hawkes Mosely & Co. of Piccadilly, London, the 74cm, curved blade, finely etched along its entire length with crowned GR cypher, royal arms, the figure of Britannia, stands of arms and foliage, gilt stirrup hilt, the knuckle guard and langets, deeply cast with oak leaves, with lion-head pommel, and chequered ivory grip, in its black leather scabbard with ornate gilt mounts, engraved with stands of arms and foliage, the locket bearing the maker’s name, the suspension rings in the form of climbing snakes. George Prévost was born on 19 May 1767, in the Province of New Jersey. His father was Augustin Prévost, a French-speaking Swiss Protestant, and a lieutenant-colonel in the British Army. His mother was Nanette (Ann) Grand. George Prévost was educated at schools in England and in the North American continent. On 3 May 1779, Prévost was commissioned at the age of eleven, as an ensign in the 60th Regiment of Foot, in which his father was a senior officer. In 1782, he transferred to the 47th Regiment of Foot, as a lieutenant, followed in 1784 by a move to the 25th Regiment of Foot as a captain. He then returned to the 60th Foot on 18 November 1790 with the rank of major, at the age of 23. Prévost’s maternal grandfather was a wealthy banker in Amsterdam, and his money is considered to have certainly been responsible for his grandson’s quick advancement up the chain of command in the British Army, as promotion could then be obtained “by purchase”. While serving in the 60th, Prévost was promoted to lieutenant-colonel on 6 August 1794. He was stationed in St Vincent from 1794-1795. During fighting on 20 January 1796, he was wounded twice, and he returned to England shortly after, where he was appointed to become an inspecting field officer. On 1 January 1798, Prévost became a colonel, and on 8 March he became a brigadier- general, at the age of 30. In May he was appointed to be the lieutenant governor of St Lucia, where his fluency in French and conciliatory administration won him the respect of the French planters living there. In 1802, he returned to Britain as a result of ill health. On 27 September 1802, soon after fighting against France resumed, Prévost was chosen to be the governor of Dominica. In 1803, the French attempted to seize the island, and Prévost fought against them. He would also fight against the French in an effort to reclaim St Lucia. On 1 January 1805, at the age of 37, Prévost was promoted to major-general, and soon after he was granted leave to return to England, where he became a commander of the Portsmouth district, and where he was appointed to be a baronet. In 1806, Prévost became a colonel commandant of his regiment .
161 Robert Field (1769-1819) Portrait of Sir George Prevost (1767-1816) Oil on canvas 69cm x 53cm (27in x 21in).
With a history dating back to 1872 Baldwin's is one of the largest and longest established Numismatic dealers and auction houses in the world. Our dedicated team of specialists have over 300 years combined experience covering all areas of numismatics including English, Ancient and Foreign coins, military and commemorative medals, tokens, books and banknotes.
Launched in 1993 Baldwin's auction department has grown from strength to strength hosting more than eighteen prestigious international auctions each year in London, New York and Hong Kong.
The merger of A. H. Baldwin & Sons Ltd with our parent company Noble Investments (UK) PLC in 2005, and the subsequent acquisitions by them of Apex Philatelics in 2008 and Dreweatts & Bloomsbury Auctions in 2012, has seen the company expanded to become a formidable player operating at the forefront of the global collectibles market. Together we hold a diverse calendar of over 150 international auctions each year across all collecting disciplines.
Dreweatts & Bloomsbury Auctions are a leading UK auctioneers of Fine and Contemporary Art, Antiques and Antiquarian Books. The firm’s history dates back over 250 years to 1759. Through Dreweatts we offer a diverse calendar of specialist sales for fine Antique Furniture, Paintings, Jewellery, Silver, Watches, Clocks, Asian Art, European Ceramics, Wine and many other Collectors categories. Bloomsbury Auctions is one of the world’s leading auctioneers of Antiquarian Books, Ancient Manuscripts, Modern First Editions, Contemporary Prints, Photographs, Prints and Maps. The group operates from two flagship salerooms, one located at Bloomsbury House in the middle of London’s Mayfair, and the other in the beautifully picturesque ‘Country House’ setting of Donnington Priory near Newbury and less than 1 hour from Heathrow Airport. In addition the group operates a saleroom in the classical city of Rome in Italy and has further salerooms in the English towns of Bristol, Godalming and Tunbridge Wells.
The merger of A. H. Baldwin & Sons Ltd with parent company Noble Investments (UK) PLC in 2005, and the subsequent acquisitions by them of Apex Philatelics in 2008 and Dreweatts & Bloomsbury Auctions in 2012, has seen the company expanded to become a formidable player operating at the forefront of the global collectibles market. Together we hold a diverse calendar of over 150 international auctions each year across all collecting disciplines.
Estimates do not include buyer’s premium and prices achieved include the hammer price plus buyer’s premium.
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