Richard III (1483-85), Angel, type 2B, obverse mintmark boar’s head 1, Saint Michael slaying dragon, halo breaks inner linear circle, legend surrounds RICARD. DI: GRA REX. ANGL. Z FRANC, saltire stops. Rev, mintmark boar’s head 2, legend reads PER CRVSEM TVA SALVA. NOS XPC. REDEMPT, saltire stops, ship with quartered shield on hull and large cross, R over rose to the left, Rose to right, 5.14g (N.1676; S.2151; cf. Schneider 488 for obverse, and Schneider 489 for same reverse die; cf. Winstanley pl. I, 6, and pl. I, 7 for same reverse die). Good very fine, in places nearer extremely fine and a particularly bold example. One of the best examples we have come across.
On the death of his brother King Edward IV, Richard became Lord Protector of the nation for Edward’s son and successor, 12 year old Edward V. Within a few weeks an assembly of Lords and commoners declared Edward IV’s marriage to be bigamous and proclaimed Edward V to be illegitimate and Richard III was made king. Richard was crowned on 6 July 1483 but the young Prince Edward and his brother Richard, Duke of York, were never seen in public again after August 1483. It was rumoured they had been murdered upon the orders of Richard III.
In August 1485, Henry Tudor headed a rebellion against Richard. He arrived on the shores of South Wales with an array of French troops and marched to Pembrokeshire, recruiting soldiers as he advanced. The armies of Henry and Richard met at Bosworth Field near Leicester where Richard was killed in the ensuing battle.
Recently, in 2012, an archaeological excavation was commissioned by the Richard III Society on a council car park in the area where Greyfriars Priory Church once stood. Research by the University of Leicester proved (by carbon dating and DNA) that the body found was that of the King. He was re-buried in Leicester Cathedral on 26 May 2015.