Charles II, Peace of Breda, Silver Medal, 1667
Item Reference: C189011609
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Charles II, Peace of Breda, AR Medal  (56mm) by J. Roettier. Laureate head r. CAROLVS · SECVNDVS · DEI · GRATIA · MAG · BRI · FRAN · ET · HIB · REX. rev. Britannia (Mrs. Stuart, Duchess of Richmond) seated left on rocky outcrop, facing a ship under sail with fleet of ships further out to sea, holding spear in right hand and resting left hand on Union shield, FAVENTE DEO, by God's favour, BRITANNIA in exergue. Edge: CAROLVS SECVNDVS PACIS ET IMPERII RESTITVOR AVGVSTVS Charles II, august restorer of peace and of the empire. (MI i 535/186; E 241; van Loon II p. 522).
About Extremely Fine, bright with light handling marks.
The Treaty of Breda brought the Second Anglo-Dutch War (1665-1667) to an abrupt conclusion in part prompted by Michiel de Ruyter's successful 'Raid on the Medway' a little more than a month earlier, giving the Dutch control of the seas around the southern coast of England and thus bringing the English quickly to the negotiating table. Under the terms of the treaty, the Dutch East India Company secured its control of the East Indies and the lucrative worldwide trade in nutmeg. They also gained concessions to the English Navigation Acts, which now allowed them to import German goods into England.
In the long term, however, the treaty provided England with the opportunity to expand its overseas empire in North America. The unwillingness of the Dutch to recover Nieuw Nederland, taken by the English in 1664 (despite England offering the Dutch colony in America back for concessions in Surinam but the Dutch declined preferring total control of the East Indies), now gave England full control of New York and locations in New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania, and most importantly this included the city of Nieuw Amsterdam – which the English renamed New York. The restoration of Acadia by the English to the French foreshadowed the series of wars that would be fought between the two powers for dominance in the North American theatre, culminating in the French and Indian War (1754-1763).